City of Prague
Prague is the ancient capital of Charles IV's Bohemian Kingdom, and the city has played a pivotal role in the development of Central Europe since the Middle Ages. Its epic history has made Prague one of the most beautiful cities in the world, with tourism of vital economic importance.
Prague is divided into 57 municipal districts whose administrative powers are laid down in the Charter of the City of Prague together with the Prague City Hall, the municipal districts provide for both self-government and statutory functions of state administration.
The Capital City of Prague is the largest city of the Czech Republic. Its area is 496 sq km, which is only 0.6% of the CR&rsquo s territory, but with the population of 1,212,097 inhabitants as at 31 December 2007 it represents 11.7% of the total population of the CR. Prague then markedly dominates the population structure in the Czech Republic as its second largest city, Brno, makes one third of the Prague&rsquo s population.
Public transport in Prague
The area of the city is located in the central parts of Č eská vysoč ina (the Bohemian Highlands), predominantly in the area of Poberounská soustava (the Berounka River Formations). As for geomorphology, there is the flat relief of the high-raised areas on one hand, contrasting with the sharp valleys of the Vltava River and its tributaries on the other hand. The most broken topography originated on the left bank of the river. The highest point is the flattened landscape southwest of the Zlič í n town part (399 m above sea level), while the lowest point is the surface of the Vltava River at the north edge of the city in the Suchdol town part where the River leaves the territory of Prague (177 m above sea level). Therefore, the maximum altitude difference exceeds 200 m within rather a small area.
Prague has relatively well functioning public transport with a backbone system of the metro (55 km long) and networks of tram railways (141 km long). Annually, more than 1 billion passengers use public transport vehicles and 150 million km are driven. Urgent need to make the public transport more attractive helped gradual origination of the system of Prague integrated transport. Now, it is operated up to 35 km far from Prague and thus it includes also an important part of the Stř edoč eský Region (about 240 municipalities). Even though important investments were completed building of transport infrastructure in order to help the city centre suffering from traffic jams remains to be a priority in Prague.
Cycling in Prague
Cycling in Prague has been often discussed in recent years. It&rsquo s not only a matter of decision makers at the Prague City Hall. There is a well developed community of cyclists who gather in a number of NGOs in order to promote pro-cycling policies. Moreover, they provide online up-to-date and detailed information service about cycling in Prague. Besides that they are trying to get involved in policy making by pointing out problems and offering solutions.
Development of the bicycle infrastructure in Prague is a part of a national bicycle strategy which was declared in 2004 and was reviewed in 2007. It is also incorporated into the Transport Policy for the Czech Republic for the period of 2005-2013. A representative of the Prague Integrated Transport is a member of the Commission of the Council of Prague for Bicycle Transport. The Commission brings together a broad variety of people, partly from the city government, NGOs, educated public, representative of the Technical Management of Communications (an organization responsible for repairing all communications) and representative of Prague Integrated Transport.